In 1605, Johann Carolus printed the first weekly newspaper in Antwerp. However, his was not the first effort to keep the public informed. In 1556, the government of Venice was already publishing monthly news reports. These reports sold for one
gazetta, one of the smallest Venetian coins of the day. Other countries in Europe soon began publishing their own newspapers, calling them “gazettes.”
Western Civilization is still feeling the effects of the Protestant Reformation 500 years ago. When Martin Luther broke from the Catholic Church, “he shattered the notion of universal or objective truth” (Gerard Howlin, “Today everyone preaches something but no one believes in anything, Irish Examiner,” Jan. 4, 2017). Luther fostered the notion that the individual was the arbiter of what is true or false and what is right or wrong. With no objective truth, God was no longer the center of the cosmos; the individual was!
Pomp, pageantry and politics go into the mix of the inauguration of any new president of the United States. When Thomas Jefferson was sworn in as our third president, he walked to the Capitol for his swearing-in. He read his speech. Then, he went back to his boarding house. By such simplicity, he sent the message to the young nation that its president should not be seen as a monarch.